Splenomegaly

Synonyms
Enlarged spleen
Subtypes
Splenomegaly with diffuse hyperechoic pattern
Splenomegaly with diffuse hypoechoic pattern
Splenomegaly with normal echogenicity
May Cause
Abnormal position of stomach
Asymmetric lung size
Increased portal vein flow
Malposition of kidney
Mass displacing kidney
Renal ischemia
Upper abdominal mass in a neonate or child
May Be Caused by
 Common
Congenital splenomegaly
 Uncommon
AIDS
Alpha1-antitrypsin deficiency
Amyloidosis
Angiosarcoma
Atypical mycobacterial infection
Banti syndrome
Brucellosis
Canale-Smith syndrome
Candidiasis
Castleman disease
Chronic myelogenous leukemia
Cirrhosis
Cogan syndrome
Connective tissue disease
Cystic fibrosis
Cystic lymphangioma
Cytomegalovirus infection
Diabetes mellitus
Dysgammaglobulinemia
Extramedullary hematopoiesis
Fibroma
Gaucher disease
Glycogen storage disease
Hamartoma
Heart failure
Hemangioma
Hemochromatosis
Hemodialysis
Hemolytic anemia
Hemorrhagic pseudocyst
Hereditary spherocytosis
Herpes simplex
Histoplasmosis
Hydatid disease
Infectious mononucleosis
Intrasplenic hematoma
Langerhans cell histiocytosis
Leishmaniasis
Leukemia
Malaria
Miliary tuberculosis
Mucolipidosis
Mucopolysaccharidosis
Mucopolysaccharidosis type 7
Myelofibrosis
Niemann-Pick disease
Omenn syndrome
Osteopetrosis
Perisplenic hematoma
POEMS syndrome
Polycythemia vera
Portal vein obstruction
Pyogenic abscess
Pyruvate kinase deficiency
Rheumatoid arthritis
Rickettsia
Rubella
Ruptured spleen
Sarcoidosis
Schistosomiasis
Septicemia
Sickle cell disease
Splenic cyst
Splenic infarction
Splenic metastasis
Splenic sarcoma
Splenic vein obstruction
Subacute bacterial endocarditis
Subcapsular hematoma
Syphilis
Thalassemia
Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura
Tropical splenic abscess
Tropical splenomegaly syndrome
Tularemia
Typhoid fever
Typhus
Waldenström macroglobulinemia
Zellweger syndrome

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