Neuronal migration disorder

Neuronal migration disorder (NMD) refers to a heterogenous group of disorders that, it is supposed, share the same etiopathological mechanism: a variable degree of disruption in the migration of neuroblasts during neurogenesis. The neuronal migration disorders are termed cerebral dysgenesis disorders, brain malformations caused by primary alterations during neurogenesis; on the other hand, brain malformations are highly diverse and refer to any insult to the brain during its formation and maturation due to intrinsic or extrinsic causes that ultimately will alter the normal brain anatomy. [Source: Wikipedia ]

Synonyms
Brain dysgenesis
Brain dysplasia
Subtypes
Lissencephaly
Pachygyria
Polymicrogyria
May Be Caused by
3-hydroxyisobutyric aciduria
3-ketothiolase deficiency
3-methylglutaconic aciduria
Acalvaria with neurological abnormality
Acardia
Achondroplasia
Aicardi syndrome
Aminopterin fetopathy
Amnion rupture sequence with exencephaly
Anencephaly
Apert syndrome
Aplasia cutis congenita
Aprosencephaly
Atelencephaly
Beta-hydroxyisobutyric aciduria
Bobble-head doll syndrome
Brachmann-de Lange syndrome
Brain dysgenesis-focal calcification
Brainstem dysgenesis-cranial nerve involvement
CEDNIK syndrome
Cephaloskeletal dysplasia
Cerebro-oculo-facio-skeletal syndrome
Cerebro-oculo-muscular syndrome
Cerebrorenodigital syndrome
Chromosome abnormality
Chudley-McCullough syndrome
Craniotelencephalic dysplasia
CRASH syndrome
Dandy-Walker syndrome
De Morsier syndrome
DiGeorge syndrome
Double cortex syndrome
Dyssegmental dysplasia
Ectodermal dysplasia-cystic brain changes
Ehlers-Danlos syndrome
Encephalocraniocutaneous lipomatosis
Epidermal nevus syndrome
Eronen syndrome
Facial hemangioma-corticovascular dysplasia
Familial aplasia of the cerebellar vermis
Familial cerebellar hypoplasia and congenital lymphedema
Familial diffuse cortical dysplasia
Familial porencephaly
Familial schizencephaly
Fetal alcohol syndrome
FG syndrome
Foix-Chavany-Marie syndrome
Fontaine-Farriaux syndrome
Frontonasal dysplasia
Fryns syndrome
Fukuyama-type muscular
Galloway-Mowat syndrome
Glutaric acidemia type 1
Glutaric acidemia type 2
Gorlin syndrome
Hemimegalencephaly
Hereditary nodular heterotopia and mega cisterna magna
Holoprosencephaly
Hydrolethalus syndrome
Hypomelanosis of Ito
IBIDS syndrome
Incontinentia pigmenti
Iniencephaly
Joubert syndrome
Kallmann syndrome
Kearns-Sayre syndrome
Knobloch syndrome
Larson-like syndrome
Lhermitte-Duclos disease
Lissencephaly syndrome
Macrocephaly-cutis marmorata telangiectasia syndrome
Meckel syndrome
Methylmalonic acidemia
Miller-Dieker syndrome
Mulibrey nanism
Nephronophthisis-encephalopathy
Neu-Laxova syndrome
Nonketotic hyperglycinemia
Oculo-auriculo-vertebral spectrum
Orofaciodigital syndrome type 1
Orofaciodigital syndrome type 2
Pallister-Hall syndrome
Pascual-Castroviejo syndrome
Perisylvian syndrome
Peroxisomal disorder
Pfeiffer syndrome
Polycystic brain and ectodermal dysplasia
Premature chromatid separation
Pseudotrisomy 13 syndrome
Pyruvate dehydrogenase deficiency
Rhombencephalosynapsis
Saethre-Chotzen syndrome
Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome
Stoll-Charrow-Poznanski syndrome
Sulfite oxidase deficiency
Thanatophoric dysplasia
Trisomy 21
Van den Ende-Gupta syndrome
Walker-Warburg syndrome
West syndrome
X-linked pachygyria and agenesis of the corpus callosum
Zellweger syndrome