Superior vena cava syndrome

Synonyms
Obstruction of superior vena cava
Obstruction of SVC
Superior vena cava obstruction
SVC obstruction
SVC syndrome
May Cause
Abnormal azygoesophageal recess
Acute diffuse mediastinal widening
Collateral paraureteral vein
Dilated azygos system
Dilated azygos vein
Esophageal varices
Hydrops fetalis
Hypervascular liver lesion
Increased prevertebral space in infants or children
Pleural effusion with disease in thorax
Retrosternal mass
Rib notching
Superior mediastinal mass
Transudative pleural effusion
Vascular abnormality of mediastinum
Venous dilatation
Venous occlusion
Venous thrombosis
Wide superior mediastinum in an infant or child
May Be Caused by
 Common
Bronchogenic carcinoma
Cardiac tamponade
Constrictive pericarditis
Cystic lymphangioma
Ergonovine
Germ cell tumor
Goiter
Heart failure
Hemopericardium
Histoplasmosis
Increased central venous pressure
Lymphadenopathy
Lymphoma
Lymphosarcoma
Mediastinal fibrosis
Neoplasm of esophagus
Neoplasm of mediastinum
Neoplasm of thyroid
Pericardial effusion
Radiation therapy
Small cell lung cancer
SVC thrombosis
Thymoma
Tuberculosis
 Uncommon
Acute mediastinitis
Aortic aneurysm
Arteriovenous fistulas
Axillary vein thrombosis
Behçet disease
Chest trauma
Intrathoracic goiter
Lung neoplasm
Mediastinal hematoma
Mediastinal tumor
Osteomyelitis of clavicle
Pneumoconiosis with conglomerate mass
Pneumomediastinum
Postoperative state
Pulmonary artery aneurysm
Right atrial myxoma
Sarcoidosis
Tension pneumothorax
Total anomalous pulmonary venous return
Tricuspid insufficiency

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